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Microservices vs Monolithic Architecture - Which one should you choose

Microservices vs Monolithic Architecture - Which one should you choose

Microservices and Monolithic Architecture are two prevalent architectural types that have evolved in the field of software development. Organizations find it difficult to pick which strategy to adopt because each one has its own distinct benefits and cons.

We will explore the advantages and disadvantages of both microservices and monolithic architecture in this blog and offer advice on which is most appropriate for specific project types based on criteria like project scale, business requirements, technological capabilities, and team skillset. Continue reading as we go over the main factors to take into account while picking the best architecture for your project.

Let's dive right in -

  1. Microservices Architecture

  2. Advantages of Microservices

  3. Drawbacks of Microservices

  4. Monolithic Architecture

  5. Advantages of Monolithic Architecture

  6. Drawbacks of Monolithic Architecture

  7. Comparison of Microservices and Monolithic Architecture

  8. Choosing the Right Architecture for Your Project

  9. Conclusion

Microservices Architecture

Microservices are similar to a large project that has been divided into smaller, simpler components. Each microservice can be worked on and combined with other microservices to form a larger project, much like when constructing with Legos. As a result, it is simpler for a team of individuals to work on various project components concurrently and to make project adjustments. It resembles putting together a puzzle, but one made up of many smaller pieces that may be assembled in several ways.

A large program can be divided into several smaller, independent components known as "services" using the software architecture design pattern known as microservices. It is simpler to create, test, and maintain the application when these services collaborate to carry out a given task. Making each service concentrate on a single function will make it simpler to scale and update the application as necessary.

Microservice Architecture
Microservice Architecture

Advantages of Microservices

  • Scalability: Microservices allow for horizontal scaling, which means adding more resources to the system as needed. This makes it easier to accommodate increased traffic and processing demands.

  • Resilience: Microservices architecture is created to be fault-tolerant, which means that if one service fails, it has no effect on the system as a whole. This lessens downtime and helps to assure high availability.

  • Flexibility: Because each microservice can be created and deployed individually, it is simpler to update one microservice without affecting the other components of the system. Additionally, this enables teams to use several technologies and coding languages for every microservice, fostering better innovation and optimization.

  • Independent Deployment: By allowing for the independent deployment of each microservice, it is possible to provide products more quickly and lower the risk of deployment failure or downtime.

Drawbacks of Microservices

  • Complexity: Because microservices are dispersed, managing, coordinating, and communicating with them might be more difficult. To design, implement, and maintain the system, a greater level of technical skill is also necessary.

  • Operational Overhead: Maintaining a microservices architecture involves overseeing several components and organizing communication between them. So it might be more difficult than managing a monolithic system.

  • Latency: In large-scale systems with numerous interdependencies, communication across microservices may cause increasing latency. This may have an effect on the system's general performance, particularly for real-time applications.

Monolithic Architecture

Monolithic architecture is comparable to a large building with numerous rooms where each room is connected to the others and cannot be used independently. Consider having a single large toy box where all of your toys are housed. Now that you need to discover a specific item, you must also search through all the other toys. This is comparable to monolithic architecture, where everything is interconnected and it can be challenging to locate a particular item.

A monolithic architecture is a style of software architecture in which every element of an application is created and flawlessly merged into one cohesive whole. This signifies that the entire application utilizes the same memory and database and is run as a single process. This kind of architecture is simple to create and deploy, but as the application expands, it may be challenging to manage and scale.

Monolithic Architecture
Monolithic Architecture